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Petre Gruzinsky

Petre Bagrationi-Gruzinsky was born in 1920 and graduated
from the Philology Faculty of Tbilisi State University. As a
direct descendant of the Bagrationi dynasty, he was buried on
the grounds of the Svetitskhoveli Cathedral in Mtskheta. In 1943
he became a poet and author, using the pen-name
“Tamarashvili”. A number of literary figures were attracted by
his writing and collaborated with him, including Andria
Balanchivadze, Otar Taktakishvili, Revaz Laghidze, Bidzina
Kvernadze, Otar Tevdoradze and Giorgi Tsabadze. Among his
other works, he wrote the lyrics for popular songs featured in
films such as “Kind Romance”, “Bashi-Achuki”, (“Man without a
hat”), “Happy Romance”, “You Can’t See What You Have Seen”,
“Pigeon Hawk”, “Alarm” and others.
These details of Petre Bagrationi-Gruzinsky’s biography are
widely known, but many Georgians are not aware that he was
considered “insane” and a “danger” to society by the Soviet
authorities, which led to a court decision to “confine him to a
psychiatric hospital for compulsory treatment”. This is perhaps
not surprising, as Bagrationi-Gruzinsky was notably unable to
adapt himself to the Soviet regime. He dreamed of restoring the
independence of Georgia and his works were largely inspired by
nationalist ideology.
On March 27, 1945, a 25 year-old Petre Bagrationi-Gruzinsky
was arrested along with accomplices Shalva Mchedlishvili,
Mari Abramishvili, Liza Aghniashvili and Tamar
Shanshiashvili. According to the indictment, these young anti-
Soviet poets participated in a literary salon that published a
journal, disseminated anti-Soviet poetry and advocated the
restoration of Georgian independence and monarchy.
On June 18, 1945 Bagrationi-Gruzinsky was sentenced to seven
years in prison.
The circumstances of his imprisonment soon changed, and he
was transferred to a psychological institute for a medical
examination. According to the diagnosis, “Petre Gruzinsky is
considered an invalid and sick. He attempted to commit suicide
due to depression. He requires a course of medical treatment in a
psychological hospital”.
The Archive of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
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